JERUSALEM ARTICHOKE HEALTH BENEFITS AND MINERALS

Posted in YAM HEALTH BENEFITS AND MINERALS

Name                          :           Jerusalem artichoke

Scientific Name      :           Helianthus tuberosus

HEALTH BENEFITS:

           Also known as sun choke, sun root and earth apple all over the world, this vegetable Jerusalem artichoke does not really have any association with Jerusalem and has an array of health benefits that many are unaware of Listed are some popular benefits of consuming Jerusalem artichoke

1. Control cholesterol

Soluble fiber present in Jerusalem artichoke helps to lower blood cholesterol level by lowering low density lipoprotein or bad cholesterol levels. Apart from that fiber is also beneficial for other heart health benefits like reducing inflammation and blood pressure. Raw Jerusalem artichoke consists of 2.4 g of Fiber which is 6.32% of the daily recommended value.

2. Control blood pressure

Jerusalem artichoke consists of considerable amount of potassium and minimal amount of sodium, which is helpful in lowering blood pressure. One cup of raw tuber contains 644 mg of potassium and only 6 milligrams of sodium. Similarly, the fiber content in the Jerusalem artichoke is supportive in improving the performance of insulin in the body, which helps in the lowering of blood pressure.

3. Boost the immune system

Antioxidant vitamins like vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin E are available in Jerusalem artichoke in minimal amounts. All these vitamins along with flavonoid compounds like carotenes helps seek and remove free radicals, providing the body protection from cancers, viral cough, inflammation and common cold. One cup of raw tuber consists of 2 µg of vitamin A, 6 mg of vitamin C and 0.28 mg of vitamin E.

4. Muscle Function

Iron which is sufficiently found in Jerusalem artichoke is an essential element for better muscle health. Iron is present in the muscle tissue and helps to provide the supply of oxygen which is needed for contraction of muscles. Without sufficient iron muscle will lose its tone and elasticity which leads to muscle weakness and muscle weakness is one of the major indication of anemia.

5. Supports a Healthy Cardiovascular System

Jerusalem artichoke consists of sufficient amount of Thiamine which is essential for producing neurotransmitter called acetylcholine which is used to relay message between nerves and muscle. Our heart is one of the main muscles that rely on these crucial signals. So as to maintain proper cardiac function and healthy heart beat rhythms, the nerves and muscles must be able to use bodily energy to keep signaling to each other.

Recent research has shown that thiamine is helpful in combating heart disease since it maintains healthy ventricular function and to help treat heart failure.

6. Helps Prevent Premature Aging

Copper is a powerful antioxidant which is present in Jerusalem artichoke which works in presence of antioxidant superoxide dismutase to safeguard the cell membranes from free radicals. It is one of the powerful antioxidant which helps to fight against free radicals. Free radicals may attack several organs systems but are particularly studied in terms of their effects on aging like age spots, wrinkles, macular degeneration as well as kidney malfunctions. Therefore sufficient amount of Copper is required for looking younger for longer time. Raw Jerusalem artichoke consists of 0.21 mg of copper which is 23.33% of the daily recommended value.

7. Helps Maintain Dental Health

Jerusalem artichoke consists of huge amount of phosphorus which is bone and teeth health. Phosphorus along with calcium and vitamin D plays an important role in formation and maintenance of dental health by supporting tooth enamel, jaw bone mineral density. Apart from that these vitamins and minerals also help to heal tooth decay.

Basically children need foods that are high in phosphorus and calcium while they are developing adult teeth in order to form teeth’s hard structure. Vitamin D is required along with phosphorus to control the body’s balance of calcium and improve its absorption during tooth formation. Vitamin D can also help to decrease inflammation of gums which is related with periodontal gum disease.

 MINERALS:

Serving Size : 1 Cup, 150 g

Calories 110 Kcal

Calories from Fat 0.18 Kcal

PROXIMITY

AMOUNT

% DV

Water

117.02 g

N/D

Energy

110 Kcal

N/D

Energy

456 kJ

N/D

Protein

3 g

6.00%

Total Fat (lipid)

0.02 g

0.06%

Ash

3.81 g

N/D

Carbohydrate

26.16 g

20.12%

Total dietary Fiber

2.4 g

6.32%

Total Sugars

14.4 g

N/D

MINERALS

Calcium, Ca

21 mg

2.10%

Iron, Fe

5.1 mg

63.75%

Magnesium, Mg

26 mg

6.19%

Phosphorus, P

117 mg

16.71%

Potassium, K

644 mg

13.70%

Sodium, Na

6 mg

0.40%

Zinc, Zn

0.18 mg

1.64%

Copper, Cu

0.21 mg

23.33%

Manganese, Mn

0.09 mg

3.91%

Selenium, Se

1 µg

1.82%

VITAMINS

WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS

Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)

0.3 mg

25.00%

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

0.09 mg

6.92%

Vitamin B3 (Niacin)

1.95 mg

12.19%

Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)

0.596 mg

11.92%

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

0.116 mg

8.92%

Vitamin B9 (Folate)

20 µg

5.00%

Folic Acid

0 µg

N/D

Folate, food

20 µg

N/D

Folate, DEF

20 µg

N/D

Choline

45 mg

8.18%

Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid)

6 mg

6.67%

FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS

Vitamin A, RAE

2 µg

0.29%

Vitamin A, IU

30 IU

N/D

Beta Carotene

18 µg

N/D

Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)

0.28 mg

1.87%

Vitamin K (phylloquinone)

0.2 µg

0.17%

LIPIDS

Fatty acids, total monounsaturated

0.006 g

N/D

Oleic acid 18:1 (octadecenoic acid)

0.006 g

N/D

Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated

0.002 g

N/D

Linoleic acid 18:2 (octadecadienoic acid)

0.002 g

N/D*Above

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