BORAGE HEALTH BENEFITS AND MINERALS

Posted in OTHER FOOD HEALTH BENEFITS AND MINERALS

HEALTH BENEFITS

Borage is one of very popular low calorie culinary herb especially found its use in the Mediterranean countries. 100 g of fresh leaves carry just 21 calories. The herb contains many notable phyto-nutrients, minerals, and vitamins that are essential for optimum health and wellness.

The herb contain essential fatty acid gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), typically in concentrations of 17-20%. Linolenic acid is omega-6 fatty acid that plays a vital role in restoration of joint health, immunity, and healthy skin and mucusa.

Fresh borage herb has high levels of vitamin C (ascorbic acid); provide 35 mg or 60% of RDA per 100 g. Vitamin C is one of the powerful natural anti-oxidant help remove harmful free radicals from the body. Together with other anti-oxidants, it has immune booster, wound healing and anti-viral effects.

Starflower herb is one of the rich sources of vitamin A (140% of RDA) and carotenes. Both these compounds are powerful flavonoid anti-oxidants. Together, they act as protective scavengers against oxygen-derived free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) that play vital role in aging and various disease processes.

Vitamin A is also known to have antioxidant properties and is essential for vision. It is also required for maintaining healthy mucusa and skin. Consumption of natural foods rich in vitamin A and carotenes are known to help the human body protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.

The herb holds a good amount of minerals like iron (41% of RDA), calcium, potassium, manganese, copper, zinc, and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids, which helps control heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. Iron is an important co-factor for cytochrome oxidase which is a crucial enzyme in the cellular metabolism. In addition, being a component of hemoglobin inside the red blood cells, iron determines the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood.

 

Further, the herb is one of the moderate sources of B-complex vitamins, particularly rich in niacin (vitamin B-3). Niacin helps lower LDL cholesterol levels in the body. In addition, it has riboflavin, thiamin, pyridoxine, and folates in adequate levels. These vitamins function as co-factors in the enzymatic metabolism inside the body.

Nutritional value

Nutritional value:  100 g

PRINCIPLE

NUTRIENT VALUE

PERCENTAGE OF RDA

Energy

21 Kcal

1%

Carbohydrates

3.06 g

2.35%

Protein

1.80 g

3%

Total Fat

0.70 g

2%

Cholesterol

0 mg

0%

VITAMINS

Folates

13 µg

3%

Niacin

0.900 mg

25.5%

Pantothenic acid

0.041 mg

1%

Pyridoxine

0.084 mg

6.5%

Riboflavin

0.150 mg

12%

Thiamin

0.060 mg

5%

Vitamin A

4200 IU

140%

Vitamin C

35 mg

60%

ELECTROLYTES

Sodium

80 mg

5%

Potassium

470 mg

10%

MINERALS

Calcium

93 mg

9%

Copper

0.130 mg

15%

Iron

3.30 mg

41%

Magnesium

52 mg

13%

Manganese

0.349 mg

15%

Zinc

0.20 mg

2%

.