APRICOTS HEALTH BENEFITS MINERALS

Posted in HEALTH BENEFITS AND MINERALS

Name                           :           Apricot

Scientific Name      :           Prunus armeniaca

HEALTH BENEFITS:

Fresh fruits are low in calories, composing just 50 calories per 100 g weight. Nonetheless, they are rich source of dietary fiber, antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. The fruits are enriched with numerous health promoting phyto-chemicals; that helps prevent heart disease, reduce LDL, ("bad cholesterol") levels and offer protection against cancers.

Apricots are excellent sources of vitamin-A, and carotenes. 100 g fresh fruits carry 1926 IU or 64% of daily-required levels of vitamin A. Both of these compounds are known to have antioxidant properties and are essential for vision. Vitamin-A is also required for maintaining healthy mucusa and skin. Consumption of natural fruits rich in carotenes helps protect the body from lung and oral cavity cancers.

Fresh fruits contain vitamin-C, another natural anti-oxidant. Vitamin-C helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge harmful oxygen-free radicals.

They are an also good source of minerals such as potassium, iron, zinc, calcium and manganese. Potassium is a heart-healthy mineral; an important component of cell and body fluids that help regulate heart rate and blood pressure.

The total anti-oxidant or ORAC value of raw apricots is 1115 umol TE/100 g. Much of this in these fruits comes from some important health promoting flavonoid poly phenolic anti-oxidants such as lutein, zea xanthin and beta cryptoxanthin. Altogether, these compounds act as protective scavengers against oxygen-derived free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) that play a role in aging, cancers and various disease process.

Further, zea-xanthin, a carotenoid selectively absorbed into the retinal "macula lutea" in the eyes where it is thought to provide anti-oxidant and protective light-filtering functions. Thus, consumption of fruits like apricots rich in zea-xanthin helps eyes protect from age-related macular disease (AMRD), especially in the elderly people.

MINERALS:

Nutritive Value per 100 g

PRINCIPLE

NUTRIENT VALUE

PERCENTAGE OF RDA

Energy

50 Kcal

2.5%

Carbohydrates

11 g

8.5%

Protein

1.4 g

2.5%

Total Fat

0.4 g

1%

Cholesterol

0 mg

0%

Dietary Fiber

2 g

5%

VITAMINS

Folates

9 µg

2%

Niacin

0.600 mg

4%

Pantothenic acid

0.240 mg

5%

Pyridoxine

0.054 mg

5%

Riboflavin

0.040 mg

3%

Thiamin

0.030 mg

2.5%

Vitamin A

1926 IU

64%

Vitamin C

10 mg

16%

Vitamin E

0 mg

0%

Vitamin K

3.3 µg

3%

ELECTROLYTES

Sodium

1 mg

0%

Potassium

259 mg

5.5%

MINERALS

Calcium

13 mg

1.3%

COPPER

Iron

0.39 mg

5%

Magnesium

10 mg

2.5%

Manganese

0.077 mg

3%

Phosphorus

23 mg

3%

Zinc

0.2 mg

2%

PHYTO-NUTRIENTS

Carotene-a

19 µg

--

Carotene--ß

1094 µg

--

Crypto-xanthin-ß

104 µg

--

Lutein-zeaxanthin

89 µg

--

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