SHALLOTS HEALTH BENEFITS AND MINERALS

Posted in HEALTH BENEFITS AND MINERALS

Health benefits:

1.  Overall, shallots have better nutrition profile than onions. On weight per weight basis, they have more anti-oxidants, minerals, and vitamins than onions.

2.  They are rich source of flavonoid anti-oxidants such as quercetin, kemferfol…etc. Further, they contain sulphur anti-oxidant compounds such as diallyl disulfide, diallyl trisulfide and allyl propyl disulfide. These compounds convert to allicin through enzymatic action following disruption of their cell surface while crushing, and chopping.

3.  Research studies show that allicin reduces cholesterol production by inhibiting the HMG-CoA reductase enzyme in the liver cells. Further, it also found to have anti-bacterial, anti-viral, and anti-fungal activities.

4.  Allicin also decreases blood vessel stiffness by releasing vasodilator chemical nitric oxide (NO) and thereby help bring a reduction in the total blood pressure. Further research studies suggest that allicin inhibit the platelet clot-formation in the blood vessels that helps decrease an overall risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), peripheral vascular diseases (PVD), and stroke.

5.  The phyto-chemical compounds allium and Allyl disulfide in onion have anti-mutagenic (protects from cancers) and anti-diabetic properties (helps lower blood sugar levels in diabetics).

6.  Shallots hold several fold more concentration of vitamins and minerals than in onions, especially vitamin A, pyridoxine, folates, thiamin, vitamin C etc. Pyridoxine (B-6) raises GABA chemical level inside the human brain that help soothe nervous irritability. In addition, 100 g fresh shallots carry 1190 IU (35% RDA) of vitamin A. Vitamin A is a powerful antioxidant that helps protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.

7.  Further, they are also good in minerals and electrolytes than onions; particularly iron, calcium, copper, potassium, and phosphorus.

Minerals:

Nutritive value per 100 grams

PRINCIPLE

NUTRIENT VALUE

PERCENTAGE OF RDA

Energy

72 Kcal

3.6%

Carbohydrates

16.80 g

13%

Protein

2.50 g

5%

Total Fat

0.10 g

0.5%

Cholesterol

0 mg

0%

VITAMINS

 

 

Folates

34 µg

9%

Niacin

0.200 mg

1.5%

Pantothenic acid

0.290 mg

6%

Pyridoxine

0.345 mg

26.5%

Riboflavin

0.020 mg

2%

Thiamin

0.060 mg

5%

Vitamin A

1190 IU

35%

Vitamin C

8 mg

13%

ELECTROLYTES

 

 

Sodium

12 mg

1%

Potassium

334 mg

7%

MINERALS

 

 

Calcium

37 mg

4%

Copper

0.088 mg

10%

Iron

1.20 mg

15%

Magnesium

21 mg

5%

Manganese

0.292 mg

13%

Phosphorus

60 mg

8.5%

Selenium

1.2 µg

2%

Zinc

0.40 mg

4%

.