ARTICHOKE HEALTH BENEFITS AND MINERALS

Posted in HEALTH BENEFITS AND MINERALS

Name                          :           Artichoke

Scientific Name      :           Cynara cardunculus

HEALTH BENEFITS:

Artichokes are rich in antioxidant which assists to detoxify body, improve liver health, aids constipation, indigestion, diarrhea and irritable bowel syndrome. It also lowers the blood pressure, promotes urination and eradicates hangovers. The various health benefits provided by Artichokes are discussed below:

Prevent cancer

Artichoke is rich in antioxidant such as polyphenols, quercetin and rutin which enhances the immune system to counteract free radicals and natural byproducts which leads to various diseases and health ailments such as heart disease and cancer. Vitamin C in Artichokes also prevents the health conditions such as fibrosis mucositis and breast cancer. The studies have shown that the leaves extract of Artichoke reduces the risk of breast cancer, prostate cancer and leukemia.

Heart health

Artichoke should be added to the diet because it possesses various cancer fighting properties. The leaves of Artichokes assist to lower the bad cholesterol and increase good cholesterol. Cholesterol blocks the flow of blood, increase blood pressure which leads to the strokes and heart attacks. Artichokes reduce the risk of the heart ailments by lowering the bad cholesterol.

Maintains blood pressure

Artichoke is rich in mineral such as potassium which is essential for the functioning of various organs. Potassium neutralizes the excess sodium effects which is the cause for blood pressure. It acts as a vasodilator. Artichokes prevent the complications related to blood pressure in diabetic patients. The risk of heart disease and heart attack could be reduced by lowering the blood pressure.

Prevents liver damage

The antioxidants such as silymarin and cynarin enhance the liver health by eliminating toxins from the liver as well as body. The studies have shown that the antioxidants enhance the repairs damage and regrowth of liver cells.

Assist in digestion

Artichoke possess high mount of dietary fiber which assists in the functions of digestive system. It keeps the bowel movements regular by adding bulk to the food which reduces the chances of constipation, intestinal cancer, cramps, bloating, discomfort and excess flatulence. Fiber eliminates the LDL cholesterol from arteries which lowers the risk of heart disease. Artichoke eases the inflamed gallbladders. Artichoke enhances the secretion and production of gastric juices, bile, which aids in smooth digestion.

6. Cures hangover

Artichoke reduces the blockage and eliminates toxin from the body which makes it a great cure for hangover. People take some leaves of Artichoke after the heavy drinking.

Prevent neural tube defects

As Artichoke possess huge amount of folic acid, it prevent the neural tube defects in the new born. Folic acid is important during pregnancy because the process neural tube closure in vitro require some amount of folate to occur.

Healthy bones

Artichoke is rich in vitamins and minerals such as phosphorus, magnesium and manganese which are essential for increasing the density and health of the bones. It also lowers the risk of osteoporosis. (10)

Functions of metabolism

Manganese and Magnesium are essential for the process of metabolism which is found in adequate amount in Artichokes. Magnesium is essential for improving the calcium intake, protein synthesis process and strengthens bones. Magnesium impacts the metabolic rates of amino acids, cholesterol and carbohydrates.

Brain Health

It acts as a vasodilator which transports the oxygen to the brain for elevated cognitive function. Artichoke also possess adequate amount of phosphorus. The reduction of cognitive ability is associated with the deficiency of phosphorus.

MINERALS:

Serving Size: Single medium size , 120 g

Calories 64 Kcal

Calories from Fat 3.69 Kcal.

PROXIMITY

AMOUNT

% DV

Water

100.9 g

N/D

Energy

64 Kcal

N/D

Energy

264 kJ

N/D

Protein

3.47 g

6.94%

Total Fat (lipid)

0.41 g

1.17%

Ash

0.89 g

N/D

Carbohydrate

14.34 g

11.03%

Total dietary Fiber

6.8 g

17.89%

Total Sugars

1.19 g

N/D

Sucrose

0.88 g

N/D

Glucose (dextrose)

0.29 g

N/D

Fructose

0.02 g

N/D

MINERALS

Copper, Cu

0.152 mg

16.89%

Phosphorus, P

88 mg

12.57%

Magnesium, Mg

50 mg

11.90%

Manganese, Mn

0.27 mg

11.74%

Iron, Fe

0.73 mg

9.13%

Potassium, K

343 mg

7.30%

Sodium, Na

72 mg

4.80%

Zinc, Zn

0.48 mg

4.36%

Calcium, Ca

25 mg

2.50%

Selenium, Se

0.2 µg

0.36%

VITAMINS

Vitamin B9 (Folate, Folic acid)

107 µg

26.75%

Vitamin K (phylloquinone)

17.8 µg

14.83%

Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid)

8.9 mg

9.89%

Vitamin B3 (Niacin)

1.332 mg

8.33%

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

0.107 mg

8.23%

Choline

41.3 mg

7.51%

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

0.097 mg

7.46%

Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)

0.288 mg

 

5.76%

Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)

0.06 mg

5.00%

Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)

0.23 mg

1.53%

Vitamin A

1 µg

0.14%

Beta Carotene

10 µg

N/D

Lutein + zeaxanthin

557 µg

N/D

Betaine

0.2 mg

N/D

LIPIDS

Fatty acids, total saturated

0.095 g

0.15%

Lauric acid (dodecanoic acid) 12:00

0.005 g

N/D

Myristic acid  14:00(Tetradecanoic acid)

0.005 g

N/D

Palmitic acid 16:00 (Hexadecanoic acid)

0.079 g

N/D

Stearic acid 18:00 (Octadecanoic acid)

0.007 g

N/D

FATTY ACIDS, TOTAL MONOUNSATURATED

Oleic acid 18:1 (octadecenoic acid)

0.013 g

N/D

Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated

0.174 g

1.02%

Linoleic acid 18:2 (octadecadienoic acid)

0.126 g

N/D

Linolenic acid 18:3 (Octadecatrienoic acid)

0.046 g

N/D

.