SAFFRON HEALTH BENEFITS AND MINERALS

Posted in DRY FRUITS AND SEEDS HEALTH BENEFITS AND MINERALS

Health benefits:

1.  Saffron contains several plant-derived chemical compounds that are known to have been anti-oxidant, disease preventing, and health promoting properties.

2.  Their flower pistils compose several essential volatile oils, but the most important of them all is safranal which gives saffron its pleasant flavor. Other volatile oils in saffron are cineole, phenethenol, pinene, borneol, geraniol, limonene, p-cymene, linalool, terpinen-4-oil, etc.

3.  This colorful spice has many non-volatile active components; the most important of them is a-crocin, a carotenoid compound, which gives pistils their characteristic golden-yellow color. It also contains other carotenoids, including zea-xanthin, lycopene, a- and ß-carotenes. These are important antioxidants that help protect the human body from oxidant-induced stress, cancers, infections and acts as immune modulators.

4.  The active components in saffron have many therapeutic applications in many traditional medicines as antiseptic, antidepressant, anti-oxidant, digestive, anti-convulsant.

5.  This novel spice is a good source of minerals like copper, potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, selenium, zinc and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese and copper are used by the human body as co-factors for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. Iron is essential for red blood cell production and as a co-factor for cytochrome oxidases enzymes.

6.  Additionally, it is also rich in many vital vitamins, including vitamin A, folic acid, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin-C that is essential for optimum health.

Minerals:

Nutritive value per 100 grams

PRINCIPLE

NUTRIENT VALUE

PERCENTAGE OF RDA

Energy

310 Kcal

15.5%

Carbohydrates

65.37 g

50%

Protein

11.43 g

21%

Total Fat

5.85 g

29%

Cholesterol

0 mg

0%

Dietary Fiber

3.9 g

10%

VITAMINS

Folates

93 µg

23%

Niacin

1.46 mg

9%

Pyridoxine

1.010 mg

77%

Riboflavin

0.267 mg

20%

Vitamin A

530 IU

18%

Vitamin C

80.8 mg

135%

ELECTROLYTES

Sodium

148 mg

10%

Potassium

1724 mg

37%

MINERALS

Calcium

111 mg

11%

Copper

0.328 mg

37%

Iron

11.10 mg

139%

Magnesium

264 mg

66%

Manganese

28.408 mg

1235%

Phosphorus

252 mg

36%

Selenium

5.6 µg

10%

Zinc

1.09 mg

10%

.