BLACK PEPPER HEALTH BENEFITS AND MINERALS

Posted in SPICES FOOD HEALTH BENEFITS AND MINERALS

Health benefits:

1.  Peppercorns contain an impressive list of plant derived chemical compounds that are known to have disease preventing and health promoting properties. Peppers have been in use since centuries for its anti-inflammatory, carminative, anti-flatulent properties.

2.  Peppercorns are composed of health benefiting essential oils such as piperine, an amine alkaloid, which gives strong spicy pungent character to the pepper. It also contains numerous monoterpenes hydrocarbons such as sabinene, pinene, terpenene, limonene, mercene, etc., which altogether gives aromatic property to the pepper.

3.  The above-mentioned active principles in the pepper may increase the gut motility as well as the digestion power by increasing gastro-intestinal enzyme secretions. It has also been found that piperine can increase absorption of selenium, B-complex vitamins, beta-carotene, as well as other nutrients from the food.

4.  Black peppercorns contain a good amount of minerals like potassium, calcium, zinc, manganese, iron, and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. Iron is essential for cellular respiration and blood cell production.

5.  They are also an excellent source of many vital B-complex groups of vitamins such as Pyridoxine, riboflavin, thiamin and niacin.

6.  Peppercorns are a good source of many anti-oxidant vitamins such as vitamin-C and vitamin-A. They are also rich in flavonoid polyphenolic anti-oxidants like carotenes, cryptoxanthin, zea-xanthin and lycopene. These compounds help the body remove harmful free radicals and help protect from cancers and diseases.

Minerals:

PRINCIPLE

NUTRIENT VALUE

PERCENTAGE OF RDA

Energy

255 Kcal

13%

Carbohydrates

64.81 g

49%

Protein

10.95 g

19.5%

Total Fat

3.26 g

11%

Cholesterol

0 mg

0%

Dietary Fiber

26.5 g

69%

VITAMINS

Choline

11.3 mg

2%

Folic acid

10 mcg

2.5%

Niacin

1.142 mg

7%

Pyridoxine

0.340 mg

26%

Riboflavin

0.240 mg

18%

Thiamin

0.109 mg

9%

Vitamin A

299 IU

10%

Vitamin C

21 mg

35%

Vitamin E-γ

4.56 mg

30%

Vitamin K

163.7 mcg

136%

ELECTROLYTES

Sodium

44 mg

3%

Potassium

1259 mg

27%

MINERALS

Calcium

437 mg

44%

Copper

1.127 mg

122%

Iron

28.86 mg

360%

Magnesium

194 mg

48.5%

Manganese

5.625 mg

244.5%

Phosphorus

173 mg

25%

Zinc

1.42 mg

13%

PHYTO-NUTRIENTS

Carotene-β

156 mcg

--

Carotene-α

0 mcg

--

Crypto-xanthin-β

48 mcg

--

Lutein-zeaxanthin

205 mcg

--

Lycopene

6 mcg

--

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